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INDIA AS A NUCLEAR POWER

India ranked 12th in terms of power generation from nuclear source

With the total power generation from nuclear reactors at 5308 MWe, India is ranked 12th in the world in terms of power generation from nuclear sources.

This was revealed by Dr. Jitendra Singh, Union Minister of State for Atomic Energy and Space in a reply to an unstarred question in Lok Sabha on 22 July 2015 though the data with respect to this was published by Power Reactor Information System (PRIS) of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in May 2015.

Further, in terms of number of nuclear reactors in operation, India was ranked at 7th position with 21 reactors.
The released data further said that there are 31 countries including India in the world that generate electricity from nuclear source.

Moreover, with 437 nuclear reactors in operation in world, the total power generation from nuclear stood at 377986 MWe.

Top five countries in terms of nuclear reactors and their capacity of production are

Countries
Number of Reactors
Total Generation
United States of America
99
98639 MWe
France
58
63130 MWe
Japan
43
40290 MWe
Russia
34
24654 MWe
China
21
23025 MWe

On the other hand, Pakistan has 3 nuclear reactors with total production of 690 MWe.

Current status of Indian nuclear energy programme

The installed nuclear power capacity of India is expected to increase from 5780 MWe to 10080 MWe on progressive completion of projects under commissioning or construction by 2019.
Financial sanction and administrative approval for Gorakhpur Haryana Anu Vidyut Pariyojana (GHAVP) Units – 1&2 (2X700 MW) and Kudankulam Units- 3&4 (2X1000 MW) with a total capacity of 3400 MW has been accorded by the Government.
In addition, one Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor of 500 MW capacity at Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu is at advanced stage of commissioning. Construction of two more Fast Breeder Reactors (FBR 1&2) of 600 MWe capacities each at Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu is also planned.

Besides, India has signed nuclear agreements with USA, France, Russia, Namibia, Mongolia, Republic of Korea, Argentine Republic, United Kingdom, Republic of Kazakhstan, Canada, Sri Lanka and Australia.


Bibliography:
  • Jagran Josh
  • Google

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