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    TDS Rates and Returns for Assessment Year 2014-15 (Financial Year 2013-14)

    TDS Rate on Payment of Salary and Wages
    Section 192
    Payment of Salary and Wages
    Criterion of Deduction
    TDS is deducted if the estimated income of the employee is taxable.

    Employer must not deduct tax on non-taxable allowances like conveyance allowance, rent allowance, medical allowance and deductible investments under sections like 80C, 80CC, 80D, 80DD, 80DDB, 80E, 80GG and 80U.

    No tax is required to be deducted at source if the estimated total income of the employee is less than the minimum taxable income (Rs. 2,20,000/- in case of Individual, HUF, AOP, BOD and AJP. Nil for others.)
    TDS Rate
    As per Income Tax, Surcharge and Education Cess rates applicable on the estimated income of employee for the year.

    TDS Rates on Payments other than Salary and Wages to Residents (including domestic companies)
    Section
    For Payment of
    On Payments Exceeding
    Individual/HUF
    Others
    193
    Interest on Debentures
    Rs. 5000/-
    10%
    10%
    194
    Deemed Dividend
    No minimum
    10%
    10%
    194 A
    Interest other than on securities by banks
    Rs. 10000/-
    10%
    10%
    194 A
    Interest other than on securities by others
    Rs. 5000/-
    10%
    10%
    194 B
    Winnings from Lotteries / Puzzle / Game
    Rs. 10000/-
    30%
    30%
    194 BB
    Winnings from Horse Race
    Rs. 5000/-
    30%
    30%
    194 C (1)
    Payment to Contractors
    Rs. 30000/- for single payment

    Rs. 75000/- for aggregate
    payment during Financial Year
    1%
    2%
    194 C (2)
    Payment to Sub-Contractors / for Advertisements
    194 D
    Payment of Insurance Commission
    Rs. 20000/-
    10%
    10%
    194 EE
    Payment of NSS Deposits
    Rs. 2500/-
    20%
    NA
    194 F
    Repurchase of units by Mutual Funds / UTI
    Rs. 1000/-
    20%
    20%
    194 G
    Commission ons Sale of Lottery tickets
    Rs. 1000/-
    10%
    10%
    194 H
    Commission or Brokerage
    Rs. 5000/-
    10%
    10%
    194 I
    Rent of Land, Building or Furniture
    Rs. 180000/-
    10%
    10%
    Rent of Plant & Machinery
    Rs. 180000/-
    2%
    2%
    194 IA
    Transfer of Immovable Property (w.e.f. 01.06.2013)
    Rs. 50 lacs
    1%
    1%
    194 J
    Professional / technical services, royalty
    Rs. 30000/-
    10%
    10%
    194 J (1)
    Remuneration / commission to director of the company
    -
    10%
    10%
    194 J (ba)
    Any remuneration / fees / commission paid to a director of a company, other than those on which tax is deductible u/s 192.
    -
    10%
    10%
    194 L
    Compensation on acquisition of Capital Asset
    Rs. 100000/-
    10%
    10%
    194 LA
    Compensation on acquisition of certain immovable property
    Rs. 200000/-
    10%
    10%

    Note:
    1. No surcharge or education cess is deductible / collectible at source on payments made to residents {Individuals / HUF / Society / AOP / Firm / Domestic Company) on payment of incomes other than salary or wages.

    2. TDS at higher rate of 20% or TDS rate, whichever is higher, has to be deducted if the deductee does not provide PAN to the deductor.(section 206AA)

    All persons who are required to deduct tax at source or collect tax at source on behalf of Income Tax Department are required to apply for and obtain Tax Deduction or Tax Collection Account Number (TAN).

    Point of Deduction of TDS
    Salary : At the time of payment
    Other Payments : When income paid or credited including credit to "Payable" or "Suspense" account.

    Consequences of failure to deduct tax: 
    Interest  - 1% of the tax deductible
    Penalty - equal to the amount of tax deductible but not deducted

    Due Dates for depositing TDS
    Quarter
    Salary Payments
    Other Payment
    April to February
    7th of next month
    7th of next month
    March
    30th April
    30th April

    Consequences of default :
    Interest @ 1.5% of tax not deposited is payable u/s 201(A).
    Punishable with rigorous imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than three months but which may extend to seven years and with fine under Section 276(B).
    Issue of TDS Certificate

    1. Section 192 (TDS on Salary) :
    The certificate on Form No. 16 should be issued by the deductor by 31st day of May of the financial year immediately following the financial year in which the income was paid and tax deducted.

    2. In all other cases :
    The certificate on Form No. 16A should be issued within fifteen days from the due date for furnishing the "statement of TDS" under rule 31A.

    Penalty on Failure to Issue TDS Certificate: Rs. 100/- every day for the period failure continues subject to a maximum of TDS amount.
    Forms for submitting Quarterly Statements of Tax Deducted at Source (Rule 31A)
    (a) Statement of deduction of tax under section 192 in Form No. 24Q
    (b) Statement of deduction of tax under sections 193 to 196D in :
    1. Form No. 27Q in respect of the deductee who is a non-resident not being a company or a foreign company or resident but not ordinarily resident; and
    2. Form No. 26Q in respect of all other deductees.

    Due Dates for submitting Quarterly Statements of Tax Deducted at Source (Rule 31A)
    Date of ending of the quarter of the financial year
    Due date,if deductor is an office of the Government
    Due Date for others
    30th June
    31st July of the financial year
    15th July of the financial year
    30th September
    31st October of the financial year
    15th October of the financial year
    31st December
    31st January of the financial year
    15th January of the financial year
    31st March
    15th May of the financial year immediately following the financial year in which deduction is made
    15th May of the financial year immediately following the financial year in which deduction is made.

    Penal Provisions for failure / default in submitting returns /statements
    Section 272A(2)
    Failure to submit returns prescribed under Section 200(3)
    Penalty of Rs. 100/- every day during which the failure continues upto a maximum of TDS amount.
    Section 234E
    Failure to TDS return in time
    Fine of Rs. 200/- every day during which the failure continues will be levied on deductor as long as the default continues, subject to a maximum of TDS amount.
    Section 271H
    (i) If deductor defaults for more than 1 year in filing TDS Statement

    (ii) If deductor furnishes incorrect details like PAN, TDS amount, Challan particulars etc.
    Penalty which shall not be less than ten thousand rupees but which may extend to one lakh rupees.

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